for self-protection movie of Enbukai

Q1. What is the first lesson in Aikido?

First of all, a bow. We respect others and bows are always important according to the spirit of Aikido. Even though there are no rules, we naturally our bow infront of God, to the Dojo, and to a partner. That is the first step for the students who are learning the "DO". If the "DO" is to be learned and valued, the head will bow by itself. That is what bow is, and if there is a bow all things will be in order.

Q2. What are the KAMAE of Aikido?

KAMAE (posture) of Aikido consists of "KAMAE of KI", "KAMAE of Spirit" and "KAMAE of Body" put together.
To a partner always do a HANMI (half-body) KAMAE. "HIDARI HANMI"(Left half-body) is when a left foot is half a step infront. "MIGI HANMI" (Right half-body) is when a right foot is half a step infront. "MIGI GYAKU HANMI" (Opposite right half-body) is when TORI is done with MIGI HANMI and UKE is done with HIDARI HANMI. "MIGI AI HANMI" (Same right half-body) is when TORI and UKE is both done by MIGI HANMI.

HIDARI HANMI MIGI HANMI
 
MIGI GYAKU HANMI MIGI AI HANMI

Q3. How many colors of belts are available for children?

For children there are white, yellow, orange, blue, green and brown belts. The colors change according to the level of the child. For adults, when a man receives a first DAN, he wears Hakama, and women wear Hakama from pre-3 KYU. Adult men and women receive black belts from their first DAN.

Q4. Are any weapons used in Aikido?

There are techniques against weapons. TANTO, TACHI-DORI, and JO-DORI are some of them.

Q5. What are the SABAKI (movement) of Aikido?

To control other's attack it is important to move the body correctly, create a posture, and be in a place of advantage. Basic movements for the techniques are learned by single and relative movements.

[ IRIMI ]
Escape an attack, move forward and slip beside the opponent.

[ TENKAN ]
Escape an attack, slip beside the opponent with180 degree turn.

IRIMI TENKAN

Q6. What is SHIKKO ?

SHIKKO (knee-advance) is an important movement for moving from a sitting position or technique.
(1) From a sitting position, put toes up and stand on knees.
(2) Bring left knee to the front, place right knee beside it.
(3) Bring right knee to the front, place left knee beside it. Start from the left again.

Q7. Doesn't it hurt to be thrown or pushed down?

The Way of teaching Aikido depends on which level the person is in. Also UKEMI absorbs damage so no one will be hurt. Learning how to throw someone is important, but learning to do a proper UKEMI when thrown is a very important lesson.

[ USHIRO UKEMI ]
(1) Bend knees, and turn backward slowly, meeting feet, shin, hips, waist then back to the floor. Pull chin down and prevent head from hitting the floor.
(2) Stand up quickly by throwing both legs forward.

[ MAE UKEMI ]
Face tips of fingers of the hand same side as the foot that is in front inside, make a chopping shape and put it on the floor, meet elbow, shoulder, back, then waist smoothly to the floor, turn curled, and stand up.

[ USHIRO-MAWARI UKEMI ]
Like Back-opposite roll UKEMI, bend knees, meet feet, shin, hips, waist then back to the floor, roll backwards and complete the turn, then stand up.

[ YOKO OR TOBI UKEMI (Jump UKEMI) ]
Drop sideways, slap the floor with the dropping-side hand to absorb the impact.